Facts of Stephen Hawking Biography
|Occupation||Theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge|
|Spouse||Jane Wilde (m. 1965; div. 1995) Elaine Mason (m. 1995; div. 2006)|
|Education||St Albans School, University of Oxford (BA) University of Cambridge (MA, PhD)|
|Place of birth||Oxford, England|
An English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge, Stephen Hawking was known for his work with black holes and relativity.
Firstly, Stephen got married to wife Jane Wilde in 1965 and divorce after thirty years of marital relationship and later he got married to second wife, Elaine Mason in 1995 and divorce after eleven years. To know more about Stephen Hawking's personal life, married life, children, career, net worth, death and all, stay with us.
Stephen Hawking Early life and Education
Stephen was born as Stephen William Hawking on 8th January 1942 in Oxford, England. He was born exactly after 300 years after the Galileo Galilei's death to father Frank Hawking and mother Isobel Eileen Hawking. And grew up along with his siblings Philippa, Mary, and an adopted brother, Edward Frank David.
Stephen began his schooling at the Byron House School in Highgate, London and wasn’t good at academy initially. After completing high school, he enrolled at the University of Oxford at the age of 17 and pursued a first-class BA (Hons.) degree in natural science.
Afterward, he attended the University of Cambridge and obtained his Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specializing in general relativity and cosmology in 1966.
While attending Cambridge, he was diagnosed with motor neuron disease by which he had difficulty in walking and his speech was almost impossible to understand. He was completely depressed but his diseases progressed too slowly than the doctor had predicted.
Despite his physical disabilities, his essay “Singularities and the Geometry of Space-Time” won him that year’s prestigious Adams Prize provided by the University of Cambridge.
Stephen Hawking Career
Stephen was elected as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge in 1979. He worked on the basic laws which control the universe and his work with Roger Penrose showed that Einstein’s general theory of relativity implied space and tie which would have a beginning in the Big Bang and end in the black hole.
In 1970, Hawking and Roger published a proof that if the universe follows the general theory of relativity and fits in any of the models of physical cosmology then it must have begun as a singularity. He also discovered that the black holes actually don’t trap everything inside of it instead they emit some harmful radiation and particles.
Youtube: Stephen Hawking explains black holes;
Stephen used quantum physic and general relativity in order to look more depth at the black holes. He also worked with James Bardeen and Brandon Carter to discover the four laws of black hole mechanics and these laws are the physical properties which is believed to satisfy and comparable to the law of thermodynamics.
Throughout career, Hawking had also published several books. His popular books include A Brief History of Time, Black Holes and Baby Universe and Other Essays, The Universe in a Nutshell, On the Shoulders of Giants, God Created the Integers, My Brief History, etc.
Furthermore, there are also several movies and series regarding Stephen Hawking Life and his work. A Brief History of Time, Masters of Science Fiction, Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking, The Big Bang Theory, The Theory of Everything, etc. are some of the famous movies and series.
Stephen Hawking Achievement and Awards
Stephen Hawkings earned wide recognition and fame for his remarkable work. He received Eddington Medal in 1975, Maxwell Medal Prize in 1976, Heineman Prize in 1976, Hughes Medal in 1976, Albert Einstein Award in 1978, RAS Gold Medal in 1985, Dirac Medal in 1987, Wolf Prize in 1988, Prince of Asturias Award in 1989.
Moreover, he also won Andrew Gemant Award in 1998, Naylor Prize and Lectureship in 1999, Lilienfeld Prize in 1999, Albert Medal in 1999, Copley Medal in 2006, Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009, Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics in 2012, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in 2015.
Stephen Hawking Personal Life
Stephen Hawking had a relationship with his sister's friend, Jane Wilde with whom he met before diagnosis with motor neuron disease. After dating, the couple engaged in 1964 and eventually tied the knot on 14th July 1965. Stephen and Jane welcomed their first child, Robert, in 1967, a daughter, Lucy, in 1970, and third child, Timothy Hawking, in 1979.
During the late 1980s’ Hawking started getting closer with one of his nurse, Elaine Mason, and eventually, he divorced Jane for Elaine. Jane and Stephen divorced in 1995 and in September of the same year he married Elaine. After five years of marital relationship, Stephen's family and staff find out he was being physically abused by his wife which led Elaine and Stephen relationship in divorce.
After getting a divorce with Mason in 2006, Hawking resumed the relationship with Jane and his children and also with his grandchildren.
Stephen Hawking Net worth
Being such intelligent, Stephen had done several prestigious and remarkable work for Science and Humanity. His work had earned him wide recognition and fame as well as a huge amount of cash prize money. Being theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology, he had several sources of income and also had a decent amount of salary.
In the year 2012, he had won $3,000,000 cash prize as the winner of Special Fundamental Physics. He owned a house in Cambridge and it is found out that his net worth was around $20 million as per 2018
Stephen Hawking Death
Stephen Hawking died at the age of 76, in his own house in Cambridge, England on 14th March 2018 early morning. He was buried at Westminster Abbey and his grave is located near to Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
Hawking was born exactly on the 300th anniversary of Galileo’s death and died on the 139th anniversary of Einstein’s birth. After his death, a tribute was made to IPC President Andrew Parsons at the closing ceremony of the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea.