Facts of David J. Wineland Biography
|Place of birth||United States|
Famous for contributing the advances in optics, specifically laser cooling trapped ions and using ions for quantum computing operations, David J. Wineland is a Nobel-laureate physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
EARLY LIFE & EDUCATION
David Jeffrey Wineland was born on 24 February 1944, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. He briefly lived in Denver until his family moved to Sacramento, California at the age of three and spends most of his childhood here.
In Sacramento, Wineland attended Encina High School and graduate in 1961. He then attended the University of California, Berkeley, from which he received his bachelor’s degree in Physics in 1965. David went on to do his master’s degree and doctoral degree at Harvard University. In 1970, he completed his P.hd and his thesis was entitled “The Atomic Deuterium Master”, which was supervised by Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.
Wineland did his postdoctoral work in Hans Dehmelt’s group at the University of Washington where he researched about the electron in ion traps. He joined the National Bureau of Standards (Now known as NIST) in 1975 and started the ion storage group. Later, at the University of Colorado at Boulder, he was on the physics faculty. In 1978, Wineland became the first to laser cool ions. His group of NIST uses trapped ions on fundamental physics many experiments on fundamental physics and quantum state control. His group has demonstrated optical techniques for preparing the ground, entangled and superposition states. His work has led to advances in atomic clocks, quantum information, and spectroscopy. He has also created his first single atom quantum logic gate in 1995. In 2004, he became first to quantum teleport information in massive particles.
Wineland is the member of American Physical Society and also the American Optical Society. In 1992, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. David Wineland is honored with numerous Awards, to mention few:
*Davisson-Germer Prize in Atomic or Surface Physics (1990)
*William F. Meggers Award of the Optical Society of America (1990)
*Einstein Prize for Laser Science of the Society of Optical and Quantum Electronics (awarded at Lasers '96) (1996)
*Rabi Award from the IEEE Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society (1998)
*Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science (2001)
*National Medal of Science in the engineering sciences (2007)
*Herbert Walther Award from the OSA (2009)
*Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics shared with Juan Ignacio Cirac and Peter Zoller Frederic Ives Medal (2010 )
*Nobel Prize in Physics shared with Serge Haroche (2012)
Wineland married Sedna Quimby Wineland and both are blessed with two sons. His wife’s father, George I. Quimby (1913- 2003) is famous archaeologist and anthropologist, who served as the professor of Anthropology at the University of Washington and the Director of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum. Wineland's net worth and salary are not yet disclosed by any media.